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Causes of Hearing Loss  

One of the effects of hearing loss is a reduced ability to distinguish speech from noise, and sounds like birdsong may disappear altogether. The causes of hearing loss vary and the type of hearing loss is determined by in which part of the ear the impairment occurs. There are generally three different types of hearing loss:

  

Conductive hearing loss
A conductive hearing loss is often temporary and can sometimes be corrected. Conductive loss stems from problems in the outer or middle ear and can be caused by: 

  • Infection
  • Build-up of wax or fluid
  • Punctured eardrum
  • Otosclerosis – an abnormal bone development in the middle ear. 

This type of hearing loss can in many cases be treated with wax removal, medicine or surgery. 


Sensorineural hearing loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common type of hearing loss. In fact, sensorineural loss accounts for 90% of all adult hearing problems and can be caused by aging and exposure to loud noise. If you have a sensorineural loss you most likely notice. 

  • Sounds not only diminish in volume, but become distorted.
  • High pitched sounds, such as soft consonant sounds are more difficult to hear.
  • Low pitched sounds, such as vowels, are easier to hear.

This type of hearing loss is caused by problems with the cochlea and the auditory nerve. It can be treated with amplification (hearing instruments) and occasionally surgery. For more information about surgical procedures, please consult a physician.


Mixed hearing loss

Mixed hearing loss is a hearing loss where both conductive and sensorineural losses occur at the same time. 

In these cases you may need treatment such as wax removal, medication, or surgery in addition to hearing aids. 


Temporary hearing loss

There are times where a hearing loss is temporary. A temporary hearing loss is common and can be caused by any of the following: 

  • Excessive earwax
  • Ear infections
  • Allergies
  • Sinus problems
  • Certain medications

To find out if you or someone you love has a hearing loss, please contact Us




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